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How do I plan my first safari?

Going on your first safari is an incredibly exciting adventure. However, planning such a trip can also be daunting for the first-timer. This comprehensive guide covers everything you need to know to plan your magical inaugural safari.

How do I plan my first safari?

Where do I want to go on safari?

The first decision to make is where you’d like to go in Africa (or beyond!). Research the wildlife and terrain of different countries to decide what would interest you most. Here are some top places to consider:


  • Famed for its annual wildebeest migration and abundance of wildlife
  • Masai Mara National Reserve and Amboseli National Park are top spots


  • Home to wildebeest migration across Serengeti National Park
  • See the Big Five in Ngorongoro Crater

South Africa

  • Kruger National Park has incredible diversity of species
  • Spot the Big Five plus cheetahs, wild dogs, and more


  • Okavango Delta boasts large herds of elephants
  • Top spot for intimate wildlife sightings


  • Walking safaris available to get close to wildlife
  • See lions, leopards, and endangered African wild dogs


  • Stunning sand dunes and desert-adapted species
  • Track black rhinos and elephants

When should I go on an African safari?

The timing of your safari depends on what you hope to see:

Dry Season (May-October)

  • Best visibility as foliage is thinner
  • Animals congregate around dwindling water sources

Wet Season (November-April)

  • Landscape flourishes green after rains
  • Animals disperse with plentiful water

The Great Migration (typically June-July)

  • Follow millions of wildebeest traveling through the Serengeti and Masai Mara

Plan the timing of your trip around your must-see list!

How do I choose a safari tour operator?

Booking with a reputable tour operator is highly recommended for first-timers. Look for:

 Excellent online reviews – Check third-party sites to verify quality.

 Knowledgeable on-the-ground guides – The most important element!

 Responsible tourism practices – Seeks sustainability and cares for local communities.

 Small group sizes – For a more intimate, exclusive safari.

 Years in business – Look for 20+ years of experience.

 Packaged pricing – Removes hassle and offers convenience.

What should I pack for safari?

Pack lightweight, comfortable clothing in natural, neutral tones:

 Light shirts: long sleeve, sweat-wicking athletic

 Pants: versatile convertible for bugs

 Shorts: quick-dry is ideal

 Footwear: broken-in hiking boots/shoes

 Hat/sunglasses: sun protection is key

 Lightweight fleece or jacket: for early mornings

 Brimmed hat: keep sun off your face/neck

 Scarf/bandana: shields dust on drives

Other: camera, binoculars, sun protection, first aid kit, pens, daily medications, cash.

What vaccinations are needed?

Check with your doctor on recommended vaccinations 4-8+ weeks pre-travel:


  • Routine Boosters: Tetanus, Diphtheria, etc.
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B


  • Yellow Fever
  • Meningitis
  • Rabies
  • Typhoid
  • Cholera

Malaria prevention medication is essential. Never skip your anti-malarials!

What camera should I get for safari?

The camera equipment you’ll want depends on your photography experience. For any level:

 Lenses – Telephoto zoom (200-400mm ideal) to capture wildlife up close

 Lots of memory cards – They fill up fast! Bring way more storage than you expect

 Extra camera batteries – Recharging is unlikely for days

 Camera cleaning supplies – Battle dust constantly

Beginners: A point and shoot or bridge camera offers user-friendly features for safari. Consider weatherproofing.

Enthusiasts: A DSLR offers creative control. Choose lenses wisely for subject/distance. Prime lenses take spectacular portraits.

Professionals: Splurge on pro-level gear with ultra-telephotos (500mm+), monopods, camouflage wraps, and fast f/stops (f/2.8 or lower).

How close can I get to animals on safari?

Safari vehicles approach wildlife respectfully and stop at safe distances. This protects species while delivering excellent viewing:

Lions – 100 ft away

Leopards – 100 ft

Elephants – 100 ft

Cape Buffalo – 100 ft

Rhinos – 100 ft

Hyenas – 30 ft

Antelope Species – 30 ft

Giraffes/Zebra/Warthogs – 30 ft

Don’t expect guaranteed “petting zoo” encounters. Responsible safaris respect animals first. But incredible moments happen on every drive!

Key Takeaways

  • Research destinations to pick the wildlife and terrain that interests you most
  • Time your visit for ideal animal migrations or breeding seasons
  • Book with a reputable tour operator and experienced guides
  • Pack versatile, lightweight clothing in natural tones
  • Get necessary vaccinations and anti-malarials well in advance
  • Bring plenty of camera memory cards and batteries
  • Follow all safety precautions around wildlife

Embarking on your first safari is incredibly rewarding. Immerse all your senses in wild Africa, with magical moments around every corner!


Booking an inaugural safari is a major bucket list item for intrepid travelers. Although coordinating the details seems intimidating at first, this guide breaks down the key considerations into manageable steps. Do your research, pick a few priorities, pack properly, and get ready for the adventure of a lifetime on safari! You’ll return with epic stories, new friends, and a transformative new perspective.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What should I budget for my first safari?
    Costs range dramatically depending on lodging/tour style, group size, destinations, etc. Plan on $200-$500 per day. Book through a reputable tour operator for best value.

  2. What should I do to prevent malaria?
    Malaria prevention is mandatory on safari. Take prescribed anti-malarial medication exactly as directed for full protection. Prevent mosquito bites too.

  3. How close can you get to elephants and other animals?
    Safari vehicle approach elephants, lions, hippos, buffalo and all wildlife conservatively, stopping 100+ feet away. This protects species while delivering excellent viewing.

  4. What food can I eat on safari?
    Lodges offer diverse menus from traditional barbecue to gourmet international fusion dishes. Vegetarian, vegan, gluten-free and other specialty diets are usually accommodated.

  5. How do I stay healthy and safe in the bush?
    Safaris go above-and-beyond on health/safety. Lodges have modern amenities, stringent hygiene, trained guides, medical protocols, emergency equipment, and more. Listen carefully and follow all instructions from your guide.

  6. What are ethical wildlife interactions on safari?
    Conscientious operators ensure rights and wellbeing of people, wildlife and environment are mutually respected. Evaluate tour ethics like conservation values, community development, employee treatment and animal protocols.

  7. Should I tip safari guides and staff?
    Yes, tips are customary/expected in the safari industry to supplement wages. Budget ~$10-15 per traveler per day. Tip culmulatively in envelopes at the end to split between camps/staff that served you.

  8. Can kids go on safari or should I wait?
    Many safaris allow kids, usually 8+ years or older. Family specialists design child-friendly adventures. Wait until children can remain quiet/still on drives before introducing them to safari.

  9. What plugs and adapters do I need for electronics?
    Bring plug adapters and voltage converters as most lodges operate on 220-240V electricity with Type C (“Europlug”), Type D, Type M or Type G outlets.

  10. Can I drink the tap water on safari?
    No, drink only treated and filtered water in sealed bottles, avoid ice. Use safe bottled water for brushing teeth too. Safari operators provide plenty of drinking water.

  11. What do safari vehicles look like?
    Custom-built 4×4 trucks with pop-top standing roofs offer excellent wildlife viewing from open sides and lift-up hatches. Comfortable capacity ranges between 6-10 guests plus a skilled driver-guide and spotter.

  12. What items should I avoid packing on safari?
    Avoid camouflage prints and dark shades that can appear threatening, plus bright whites that seem out of place. Steer clear of perfumes, strongly scented items and anything that might make noise during drives.

  13. Can I combine a safari with other destinations?
    Yes! “Bush + Beach” itineraries pair wildlife viewing with idyllic Indian Ocean island resorts. Or extend to Cape Town, Victoria Falls, gorilla treks and more. Most tour companies easily customize ideal extensions pre and post-safari.

  14. How much should I tip on safari?
    Safari etiquette suggests tipping ~$10-15 USD per traveler, per day. Provide one inclusive tip, per vehicle or staff that served you as a group and let your guide distribute accordingly.

  15. What should I wear on safari during rainy season?
    Pack quality rain gear, preferably waterproof/breathable jackets and pants, lightweight gloves, waterproof shoes/boots and small umbrellas. Dress in breathable layers for comfort when showers pass.

  16. Is it safe to go on safari?
    Register with embassy for support, review travel advisories and book reputable companies. Listen carefully to all instructions and protocols. Overall, tourists are usually isolated from broader instability concerns.

  17. What gear should I rent or buy for my first safari?
    First-timers can rent bulkier gear like telephoto camera lenses/tripods, binoculars, satellite phones and specialty clothing through safari outfitters rather than purchasing.

  18. Will I have electricity and Wi-Fi availability on safari?
    Many camps now offer full-time electricity thanks to battery/solar systems. Wi-Fi access however remains limited only to main common areas on some safaris, not tents, encouraging guests to unplug.

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