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Where is the best place to go for a safari for the first time?

Going on a safari for the first time is an exciting adventure. With so many options to choose from, deciding the best place to go can be overwhelming. This article provides useful information to help first-time safari goers determine the ideal destination based on their interests, budget, and more.

Where is the best place to go for a safari for the first time?

Nature and Wildlife

The primary reason many people go on safari is to view diverse African wildlife in their natural habitats. Here are top destinations for abundant animal sightings:

Masai Mara National Reserve, Kenya

  • Part of the larger Serengeti ecosystem spanning Kenya and Tanzania
  • Home to the Big Five: lions, elephants, buffalo, leopards, and rhinos
  • Great migration from July-October with over 1.5 million wildebeest and zebras

Kruger National Park, South Africa

  • One of Africa’s largest game reserves at 7,523 square miles
  • Excellent chance to spot the Big Five
  • Home to cheetahs, hippos, giraffes, and 500+ bird species

Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

  • Famous for the annual Great Migration and large lion population
  • Over 1.5 million wildebeests and 250,000 zebras migrate here
  • Prime spot for viewing predators hunting prey

Okavango Delta, Botswana

  • Lush wetland oasis in the Kalahari Desert
  • Safaris by foot, boat, vehicle for varied perspectives
  • Hundreds of bird species and iconic wildlife like lions, elephants, buffalo


For first-timers, it helps to choose safari operators and accommodations well-suited for learning and discovery:

South Africa

  • Great infrastructure like roads and luxury lodges
  • Family-friendly private game reserves available
  • Often less physically demanding for game drives


  • Trekking toursideal for avid hikers
  • Exceptional mountain gorilla tracking


  • Extraordinary stargazing in one of the world’s darkest skies
  • Great destination for self-drive safaris

Tanzania and Kenya

  • Renowned safari destinations with abundant wildlife
  • Expert driver-guides provide education on animals, terrain, conservation


The cost of a safari varies greatly depending on the country, length, amenities, and more. Safaris catering to a range of budgets:

Affordable: Self-drive safaris, mobile camps, and budget lodges provide lower-cost options. Destinations like South Africa, Kenya, and Tanzania offer budget-friendly tours.

Mid-range: Lodges and permanent tent camps offer comfort and wildlife access via game drives. Prices for southern African countries like South Africa, Botswana, Namibia tend to be more moderate.

Luxury: High-end safaris with premium accommodations, exceptional wildlife viewing, gourmet dining and butlers or valets. Destinations like Botswana, Rwanda, Uganda, and Kenya offer luxury options.

Cost-saving Tips: Go off-peak, use park fee discounts, pack snacks, or shorten the length of higher-cost safaris. Combine affordable and luxury portions.

When to Go

With seasonal variations, the best time depends on your interests:

Year-round: Lowland gorilla trekking in Uganda/Rwanda. Game viewing in Tanzania’s Ngorongoro Crater.

Dry season (May-October): The annual Great Migration crossing Mara River. Water scarcity makes wildlife congregate at water sources. Conditions ideal for photography. Popular peak season leads to higher prices.

Wet season (November-April): Lower prices and fewer crowds. Newborn animals. Lush green landscapes. Potential limitations: some parks may be inaccessible due to mud, dense vegetation can reduce visibility.

types of Safaris

There are several exciting ways to take a safari – whether by vehicle, boat, foot and more:

Game Drives: The most popular way to take a safari is via an open-top 4×4 vehicle with a professional guide to seek out wildlife and provide commentary. Often done at sunrise, sunset or night when certain animals are active.

Walking Safaris: Hike through the African bush on foot with an armed guide and tracker. Provides adrenaline rush unlike any other safari as well as chance to see smaller species up close. Best done in relatively flat areas.

Fly-In Safaris: Reach remote wilderness locations rapidly by chartered airplane or helicopter. Allows you to see magnificent landscapes not accessible by road. Available in destinations like Botswana, Kenya, Namibia, Uganda.

Horseback Safaris: Ride a horse for an elevated safari experience while tracking zebra, wildebeest, antelope and more on their migration trails. Allows closer approach to giraffes or zebras than vehicles.

River Cruises: Relaxing multi-day cruise along a river to observe hippos, crocodiles, water birds and other riparian wildlife. Popular options are on Chobe River between Namibia and Botswana or along the Nile River.

Hot Air Balloon Rides: Drift peacefully over the epic landscapes and wildlife of Serengeti National Park or Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya at sunrise. Provides breathtaking aerial perspectives.

Travel Requirements

Its important to understand the visa policy, vaccinations, packing essentials, and other preparation needed for a smooth first safari experience.

Entry Requirements: Some African countries require tourist visas in advance. Check government tourism websites for the latest policies. Carry passport valid for at least 6 months from date of entry.

Vaccinations: Begin scheduling vaccinations 4-6 months prior to departure. Common requirements are vaccines for hepatitis A and B, meningitis, tetanus, typhoid, yellow fever. Malaria prevention medication often prescribed.

Travel Insurance: Purchase comprehensive travel insurance covering emergency medical evacuation, trip cancellation, lost baggage. Ensure it includes safari activities.

Essential Gear: Neutral colored comfortable lightweight clothing. Well broken-in hiking boots. Binoculars, hat, sunglasses. High SPF sunscreen and insect repellent. First aid kit.

Safety: Listen attentively to all instructions from guides. Keep safe distance from wildlife. Check government travel advisories regarding potential dangers like terrorism or civil unrest for destinations.

Conservation: Support sustainable tourism business practices. Avoid locations allowing unethical wildlife interactions. Follow guidelines like not littering, respecting animals space.

Key Takeaway

The optimal destination for your first safari depends greatly on your budget, interests and preferred style of travel. Top beginner-friendly picks like South Africa provide accessibility along with abundant exotic wildlife. Whenever planning a safari anywhere, its vital to research when peak seasons are for weather, optimal wildlife migrations and activities you wish to pursue so conditions align. Prepare properly by arranging needed vaccinations/visas/insurance and packing suitable clothing and gear. Finally choose responsible tourism providers upholding ethical standards. Stay alert on safaris, strictly follow rules and conserve these fragile ecosystems so future generations can continue enjoying Africa’s wondrous wildlife.


Going on a safari for the first time is a bucket list travel goal for many across the globe. As a beginner, don’t become overwhelmed by all the choices confronting you. Focus on your personal interests and budget to narrow down destinations and operators best suited for an awe-inspiring introduction seeing majestic African wildlife thrive in their natural habitat. Do sufficient planning around ideal timing considering weather patterns, prices, and animal migrations. Prepare fully for adventure by securing needed documentation, vaccinations, gear and gaining travel competency to heed valuable guidance from local guides. By picking sustainable responsible tour companies upholding conservationist practices, you ensure that you properly do your part to respect the human, wildlife and landscapes hosting you. This enables these precious wild places to remain unspoiled through sustainable tourism. If done properly by keeping local realities in context, safaris provide once-in-a-lifetime experiential learning about our planet’s extraordinary natural diversity while also directly improving livelihoods. Ultimately the privilege of going on safari creates opportunity to gain profoundly moving perspectives. After returning home safely with endless stories and phenomenal photos, first timers invariably begin eagerly planning their next African adventures.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What diseases do I need vaccinations for in Africa?
    The CDC recommends vaccinations for hepatitis A and B, meningitis, rabies, tetanus, typhoid and yellow fever at least 4-6 weeks before departure to Africa. Malaria prevention medication is often prescribed as well.

  2. What forms of payment do most safari tour operators accept?
    Most accept USD and major credit cards like Visa or MasterCard. Some may accept foreign currency. Many safari destinations have limited ATM availability so its best to confirm ahead of time.

  3. What type of luggage should I use to pack?
    Due to space limitations in vehicles and aircrafts, most safari companies impose strict luggage restrictions. Soft sided duffel bags or backpacks that can be easily transported, stacked and accommodate rugged travel conditions are ideal.

  4. What is the most dangerous animal in Africa?
    The hippopotamus is considered Africa’s deadliest animal, killing an estimated 500 people per year. Their incredible size and speed combined with sharp teeth and aggressive territorial nature make them extremely dangerous.

  5. Do you need experience camping for an African safari?
    No, most safaris offer lodging options ranging from budget-friendly tents to luxury suites so you can choose what matches your comfort level. Some do involve basic tent camping which requires nominal outdoors skills.

  6. What are ethical rules visitors must follow on safari?
    Rules like not littering, staying inside vehicles unless guides allow exiting, keeping quiet/respectful distances from wildlife, using low-impact facilities, following ranger instructions, and avoiding unethical tour operators that exploit communities or wildlife. Support tourism providing local benefits.

  7. What gear and clothing do I need to pack?
    Lightweight, fast-drying long pants and shirts, hiking boots/shoes for rugged terrain, sweater/fleece, hat, sunglasses, binoculars, camera, sunscreen, insect repellent, basic first aid. Neutral colors like green, brown and khaki are best.

  8. Is it safe to go on safari in Africa?
    By using registered responsible tour companies with licensed guides, adhering strictly to their safety rules like not exiting vehicles without permission or approaching wildlife, avoiding riskier behaviors and reviewing government travel advisories beforehand, tourists can mitigate chances of any incidents, injuries or illnesses. However, some level of risk is inherent on safaris.

  9. What times of day do you go on game drives?
    The best times are early morning around dawn when predators finish hunting and prey animals wake up also when the lighting is ideal for photos. Late afternoons before dusk offer another prime opportunity as the nocturnal animals emerge.

  10. What should you not wear on safari?
    Avoid bright colors like white or yellow that can attract insects. Also skip camouflage prints that can alarm some locals and jewelry that reflects light which can distract animals. Strong fragrances are inadvisable as well since animals sense of smell is so keen.

  11. Do I need a particular fitness level for safaris with a lot of wildlife walks?
    Most walking safaris require participants to be in moderate shape capable of trekking a few miles at a time over uneven terrain in hot, humid climate while remaining vigilant of hazards and wildlife. Those not meeting requirements risk their health.

  12. Which African countries generally have the most affordable safaris?
    Affordable safaris are available across the continent but South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Namibia provide high-quality budget options on average under $200 USD per day for lodging, food and activities.

  13. What should you do if charged by an animal?
    Stay calm. Never run away as this can trigger pursuit. Hold your ground without threatening gestures. Follow any commands guides shout like crouching behind vegetation or shields they may throw between you and the animal until it retreats.

  14. How close can you get to animals on a vehicle safari?
    Guides must stay far back from all wildlife, usually at least 23-30 feet even for photos. Safari vehicles keep occupants high enough to observe animals exhibited natural behaviors without causing undue stress to them or jeopardizing human safety if attacked.

  15. What should I do to prevent malaria?
    The CDC recommends malaria prevention medication, using insect repellent, wearing long sleeves/pants especially at dawn/dusk when mosquitos are active, and sleeping under permethrin treated bed nets.

  16. How do I avoid getting traveler’s diarrhea?
    Drink bottled water, avoid uncooked fruits/veggies unless you peeled them yourself, skip restaurant buffets, and only eat fully cooked meat/fish. Wash hands before eating. Bring anti-diarrheal medicine just in case.

  17. Which vaccines do children need for safari travel?
    In addition to routine childhood immunizations, the WHO and CDC recommend children receive malaria prevention medication, hepatitis A, typhoid and yellow fever vaccine before safaris.

  18. What clothing prevents bug bites?
    Lightweight, loose long pants/sleeves in neutral colors guard against insect bites. Finer mesh bug jackets allow airflow in hot climates. Treat clothes with permethrin 1 week before arriving for added bite protection.

  19. Can I drink alcohol on safaris?
    Most limit alcohol consumption until safaris activities conclude each day to keep travelers alert and attentive rather than intoxicated. Guides forbid drinking while in vehicles and around wildlife for safety.

  20. What photography gear is best for shooting wildlife?
    Bring DSLR or mirrorless cameras with telephoto zoom lens in the 200-400mm range and monopod/tripod for stability and sharp images even at a safe distance from animals. Pack memory cards with sufficient storage space

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